29 May 2023 8 MIN reading

Regional and Local Elections: Key Facts

On May 28, 2023, elections were held in all the municipalities of Spain (except for fourty-three since there were no candidates) and in twelve of the seventeen Autonomous Communities. All except for Andalucía, Castilla y León, Cataluña, Galicia and País Vasco (Basque Country).


Elections: Interactive Results Map

In the following map, each Autonomous Community is shown with the color of the winning party in the elections. In the event of a tie in the number of seats, the graph shows the party with the highest number of votes as the winner.



Key Facts


These local and regional elections have drawn a new territorial scenario in which the conservative space has been proclaimed winner, unlike in 2019 when the progressive space was the most voted. A possible sign of the direction that the next general elections could take, as happened in 2019.


These elections have confirmed the consolidation of a change of trend in Spain in which it is necessary to reach agreements in the regional parliaments and local bodies in order to guarantee their governability. Absolute majorities have only been achieved in three Autonomous Communities (Comunidad de Madrid, Castilla-La Mancha and La Rioja) and in 14 of the 50 provincial capitals.


The main winner of these elections has been the conservative Popular Party (PP). However, it will have to rely on Vox, the party located more to the right of the political spectrum, which has positioned itself as the key political party to guarantee governability in many of the territories.


The PP has been the most voted political party in seven of the twelve Autonomous Communities in which elections have been held. It has obtained an absolute majority in the Comunidad de Madrid and La Rioja and it will need to reach an agreement with Vox to be able to govern in Aragón, Baleares, Cantabria, Comunidad Valenciana and the Region of Murcia. At the local level, it is the political party that has obtained the most councilmembers: 23,414 against the 20,783 obtained by the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE).


The PSOE has only been able to revalidate its victory in four of the ten regions in which it won in 2019: Asturias, the Canary Islands, Castilla-La Mancha and Extremadura. It only maintains its absolute majority in Castilla-La Mancha and loses it in Extremadura, where a PP-Vox pact could impede it from governing. Moreover, the PSOE will also lose key municipal governments such as Valencia, Sevilla, Valladolid and Palma de Mallorca.


Vox is the political party that has grown the most, almost doubling votes since 2019, going from 800,000 to almost 1,600,000 in local elections. It has obtained representation in the twelve regional parliaments in which elections have been held, six more than in 2019 (Comunidad Valenciana, Canarias, Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura, La Rioja and Navarra). At the municipal level, it has managed to double its votes from 3.5% to 7% and has obtained representation in 41 of the 50 provincial capitals, except for the capitals of Galicia, the Basque Country, Pamplona and Cádiz.


The most progressive forces within the political spectrum lose importance in general terms. Podemos loses relevance in almost all the regions and is no longer represented in some regional parliaments (Madrid, Valencia and the Canary Islands), as well as in the city of Madrid, where it was born as a political movement more than 12 years ago. Similarly, at the municipal level, Podemos-related parties will cease to govern in key cities, such as Barcelona (Ada Colau), Valencia (Joan Ribó) and Cádiz (José María González “Kichi”).


Ciudadanos confirms its decline and fails to obtain representation in any of the 12 regional parliaments. Likewise, it has lost 90% of the councilmembers it won in 2019 and is unable to obtain representation in the Madrid City Council, where it had placed its hopes in Begoña Villacís, deputy mayor of the capital since 2019.


EH Bildu threatens the PNV’s leadership in the País Vasco. The pro-independence party is growing in the three provincial capitals, where the PNV was the main political party. EH Bildu was the most voted force in Vitoria and reaffirmed its position as opposition leader in key cities such as San Sebastián and Bilbao. Similarly, EH Bildu fell 3,000 votes short of winning the elections in the city of Pamplona.


Next Steps

  • The local corporations will be constituted on June 17, in accordance with the Organic Law 5/1985,of June 19, 1985, on the General Electoral System.
  • In general terms, the regional parliaments will be constituted during the second half of June, inaccordance with the provisions of their respective Statutes of Autonomy. After this, thedeadline to form a government is two months. If no agreement is reached, the elections will berepeated.


Elections: Comunidad de Madrid



Elections: Madrid City Council


The PP achieves an absolute majority in both the Community of Madrid and the Madrid City Council. The case of the Madrid City Council is particularly relevant, as in 2019 the PP was not the most voted political party, and the absorption of Ciudadanos voters is evident.


Elections: Comunidad Valenciana


Elections: Valencia City Hall


After 8 years of progressive governments in the Valencian Community and in the city of Valencia, the PP has managed to win the regional and municipal elections. It could govern thanks to the support of Vox, which has emerged strongly as the fourth most voted political party in both cases.


Elections: Barcelona City Hall


Xavier Trias (Junts) wins the elections with 11 councilmembers, followed by Jaume Collboni (PSC) with 10 and Ada Colau (Barcelona en Comú) with 9. ERC passes from winning the elections in 2019 to having only 5 councilmembers. The PP doubles its representation and Vox enters the Barcelona City Council for the first time. As a result, Ada Colau would cease to be mayor after 8 years and Trias would have to count on the support of the PSC, ERC or PP to be able to govern.


Elections: Sevilla City Hall



After winning the Andalusian elections in June 2022, the PP continues to expand its leadership in the big cities of this region, where it has won in seven of the eight provincial capitals, with the exception of Jaén. Thus, after 8 years, it will be able to govern again in Seville, historical stronghold of the PSOE.


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