Andalusian Elections: Key Points
The Andalusian Elections have left a very different result from the previous regional elections. The Popular Party has reached, for the first time in its history, the absolute majority in the region and the Socialist Party has reduced its number of representatives becoming the second force. VOX rises two seats, while Adelante Andalucía reduces its presence and Ciudadanos loses all its representation in the chamber. In this VINCES analysis we offer you the key points of the Andalusian Elections results.
The Key Points of Andalusian Elections
Despite the high temperatures, the election turnout (58%) has slightly increased compared to the previous elections in December 2018 (56%).
The conservatist Popular Party (PP) wins the elections with 58 seats, achieving an absolute majority and improving by 32 seats on its 2018 results (26). The candidacy of Juan Manuel Moreno is strengthened as the main political force, with 43% of the votes, and absorbs the votes of Ciudadanos. The result is a support for the management of the Andalusian government led by the PP in the last four years, and also endorses the PP’s strategy at the national level.
The Socialist Party (PSOE) becomes the second political force in the Parliament of Andalusia, with 30 seats (24% of the votes). It worsens its results by three seats compared to 2018 (33) and obtains the worst result of the party ‘s history in Andalusia.
VOX, with 14 seats and 13% of the votes, becomes the third force. The candidacy, headed by Macarena Olona, obtains 2 seats more compared to 2018 (12), which means a slowdown in its rise. In relative terms, the far-right party loses political weight as it is not necessary its favorable vote for the formation of the regional Government of Andalusia.
Por Andalucía, the new far-left candidacy headed by Inmaculada Nieto, enters the Parliament obtaining 5 seats (7% of the votes), surpassing Adelante Andalucía and showing the division of the vote to the left of the Socialist Party.
The far-left party Adelante Andalucía, with 2 seats and 4% of the votes, reduces 15 deputies compared to 2018 (17). The candidacy, headed by Teresa Rodriguez, loses political weight and becomes the third force of the left in the Parliament.
The center-right party Ciudadanos, with 3% of the votes, does not obtain enough support to gain parliamentary representation. This result, with the loss of all seats obtained in 2018 (21), means a severe blow to the party at the national level. Its candidate, Juan Marín, has announced his resignation.
With these total results, the seats of PP (58) exceed the absolute majority (55), which will allow them to form a government without the need for external support from any other political force.
On July 14th, the constitutive session of the Andalusian Parliament will be held, the moment from which the process of proposal and election of the Presidency of the Junta de Andalucía will start. Mr. Moreno has enough support to be elected in the first vote, when the candidate needs the absolute majority of 55 seats.
Acting Government: from today until the new Government takes office, the current one will remain in office. The acting Government must limit its actions to the ordinary conduct of public affairs and refrain from adopting any other measure except for emergency reasons.
Constitutive Session of the Parliament of the Junta de Andalucía: the constitutive session will be held on 14 July as mentioned in the Decree of dissolution of the Parliament of Andalusia and call for elections.
Proposal of a candidate for the Presidency of the Junta de Andalucía: within 15 days of the constitutive session of Parliament, the President of Parliament, after consulting the Spokespersons designated by the political parties or groups with parliamentary representation, shall propose a candidate for President of the Junta.
Election of the Presidency of the Junta de Andalucía: after presenting his or her programme to Parliament, the proposed candidate needs an absolute majority in the first ballot (55 seats) or a simple majority in the second ballot (48 hours after the previous one), i.e., more ‘yes votes’ than ‘no votes’ without counting abstentions, blank votes or invalid votes. If he or she is not elected, a new candidate is proposed under the same voting requirements. Several scenarios are possible:
- If any candidate obtains a majority: the elected President is responsible for appointing the members of his or her Governing Council, with no fixed date.
- If no candidate obtains a majority: if no candidate obtains a simple majority within two months of the first ballot, Parliament is automatically dissolved, and new elections are called by the acting President of the Council.